Outreach Israel Ministries
19 December, 2019

Romans 14:14 – PME Point

Outreach Israel Ministries and Messianic Apologetics need your help as we enter into 2020, and the third decade of the Twenty-First Century. This new decade is going to see the Messianic movement have theological and spiritual issues thrust upon it that most are not ready for. We have been preparing for this time for the past several years, and now it is time for us to speak out.

Our overarching ministry theme for this next decade is: How do we not lose the next generation?


I know and am persuaded in the Lord Yeshua, that nothing is common in itself; but to him who thinks anything to be common, to him it is common (Romans 14:14, PME)


In most English Bibles, Romans 14:14 reads with “unclean.”

The Hebrew term associated with unclean meats in the Torah (i.e., Leviticus 11; Deuteronomy 14), is tamei, and is normally rendered as akathartos in the Greek Septuagint. Romans 14:14 uses a different term, koinos, which may “pert. to being of little value because of being common, common, ordinary, profane,” notably in terms “of that which ordinary people eat, in contrast to those of more refined tastes” (BDAG, 552).

Koinos is rendered as “common” in LITV and Brown and Comfort, 570. Koinos is rendered as “unholy” in the TLV; “impure” in The Messianic Writings; and “intrinsically unholy” in the Phillips New Testament; “defiled” would also be valid.

Some kind of eating preference or disputable opinion, other than clean and unclean meats, is actually the issue in Romans 14.


The Practical Messianic Edition of the Apostolic Scriptures or PME is a specialty edition of the New Testament, based on the 1901 American Standard Version, incorporating the conclusions defended in Messianic Apologetics’ Practical Messianic commentary series and other publications.